For those of you who aren’t aware the US and many other countries have signed the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement or ACTA. This law provides a legal framework for nations across the world to enact something similar to the US Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). This framework gives additional control to law enforcement and copyright holders. Something also abnormal about this trade agreement is that the US claims that it doesn’t need congressional approval. I find this extremely odd, as it’s part of the charter of the legislative branch to approve trade agreements. Additionally, as I’m not a lawyer, I don’t understand what’s inherently different in the ACTA from the South Korean Free Trade Agreement, which has been stalled since Bush II.
At this point the EU hasn’t signed the agreement yet. France and Germany have both enacted some already strict laws in regard to the number of strikes an infringer can have before they lose internet connections.Of course there are some serious issues with the approaches that are used to accuse copyright infringers. most of them deal with how to identify a suspected infringer. At this time France’s first three strike infringer doesn’t know how to do that. Additionally, in Germany, where a legislator wants a 2 strike law, the same legislator has already violated this before the law has gone into affect.
I believe that these cases really indicate that legislator really don’t understand how the internet and copyright works. It’s clear from the DMCA that they don’t and neither do judges. However, I think that Judges are starting to seriously figure out what’s going on with copyright and the controls that are being put into place. Recently in several districts judges have severed joint cases of copyright cases, because most of the IP addresses, which are typically associated to a region or city, were outside the jurisdiction of the court they are being tried in. Additionally, some judges are noting that IP addresses aren’t people and other people could be using the IP address. Even more recently a judge writes that in the DMCA suggest if you own a DVD it’s ok to rip it.Which is something that the DMCA is trying to prevent. DMCA was design to prevent circumventing the copy blocking technologies. It made it illegal.
Overall, the ACTA is a huge blow for advocates of reducing or eliminating copyright. I seriously hope that if this trade agreement does have to go through the US congress that it will be rejected. It’s a law that doesn’t take into account the current technologies and what culture really means.
Fortunately, not all governments support the ACTA. In fact Brazil has created an interesting framework that is the antithesis of ACTA. It is designed to support privacy, encourage usage of Creative Commons copyright(left) protection and have true net neutrality.